Back in 2010, a company named Uber made waves in San Francisco by changing the way people hailed cabs. Today, the company has expanded rapidly across the globe. Over the years, Uber's valuation has skyrocketed, and it has evolved from a ride-sharing service to a massive enterprise that competes in the food delivery and car rental markets.
The evolution of Uber from a small startup to a giant is a remarkable story of visionary business practices that revolutionized an entire industry. Let's take a closer look at how Uber achieved its success.
What if you could hire a ride with just your phone?
Garret Camp, one of Uber's co-founders, had a firsthand experience of the issues with conventional taxi services in San Francisco, where he often struggled to find a reliable ride.
For decades, San Francisco had a limited number of taxi licenses. Demand for taxis exceeded the supply, resulting in poor service and long waits. Despite this, the taxi drivers and fleets in San Francisco vehemently opposed any attempts to increase the number of permits, as they were determined to keep competition at a minimum.
Camp came up with the idea of creating an on-demand car service that passengers could track via their phones. Considering San Francisco's notoriously unreliable taxi services, Camp's idea made perfect sense as it provided a solution to increase the number of available rides and inform customers of the expected wait time.
Camp saw the new iPhone app store as a way to make it a reality. With the phone's accelerometer, he could charge passengers by the minute or the mile, similar to a taximeter. Collaborating with fellow entrepreneur Travis Kalanick, they cemented an innovative notion: What if clients could effortlessly summon a ride by means of their smartphones?
Uber officially launched in San Francisco in 2010. The app was an instant hit due to its ease of use: customers could order a ride, pinpoint their location with GPS, and have the fare automatically charged to their account.
The rise of the world's most valuable startup: key milestones
Uber's valuation skyrocketed to $51 billion after funding rounds in 2015, making it the world's most valuable startup at that time. Below are some other significant milestones in the company's history:
- 2010: Uber received its first major funding of $1.3 million
- 2011: Uber launched in New York and France. The company also closed another funding round that year, which valued the company at $60 million.
- 2012: Uber expanded to 20 locations worldwide.
- 2013: Uber continued to grow rapidly, expanding to more than 40 new locations around the world.
- 2015: The company secured additional funding from investors, such as Microsoft and Bennett Coleman & Co, which boosted its valuation beyond $51 billion.
- 2016: The company raised an additional $3.5 billion from Saudi Arabia's sovereign wealth fund to further fuel its expansion.
- 2019: Uber went public through an initial public offering (IPO) with a market value of $75.46 billion, making it one of the biggest IPOs in history. The company raised an additional $8.1 billion through the IPO.
What contributed to Uber's success?
Although Uber's success can be attributed in part to its founder's innovative idea, there are other important factors that have played a role in the company's accomplishments. Without proper strategy and execution, the company wouldn't have achieved such heights.
- Light asset base
Uber owes much of its rapid growth to its asset-light business model, which allowed it to expand into numerous markets with ease. Although sales teams and translation work were necessary to enter new markets, the software – their app – was the main asset they offered. With drivers bringing their own vehicles and riders using their own smartphones, Uber didn't have to make significant capital investments to operate in these markets.
Moreover, Uber's technology platform is estimated to have cost less than $2 million to develop, a relatively small investment compared to the company's current valuation. By focusing on building a simple and user-friendly app, Uber was able to create a scalable platform that could efficiently serve the needs of riders and drivers alike.
For ATOM Mobility clients, the app is already there – and it's highly customizable to make sure it fits your business and target market. So, you won't need to invest months and millions of dollars to make your own from scrat
- Emphasis on customer acquisition
Uber's revenue model seems to be based on customer habits rather than brand loyalty. While it's true that many people use Uber regularly, the company's marketing tools rely more on discounts and surge pricing than on building a traditional brand image.
Uber's use of surge pricing is a good example. By adjusting prices during periods of high demand, the company can maximize its margins while still undercutting its rivals when demand is low.
Despite the absence of a traditional brand loyalty program, Uber has managed to establish a foothold in many markets around the world. Its simple and efficient app, combined with its competitive prices and constant promotions, has helped it become a go-to choice for many consumers.
As an ATOM Mobility user, you can, too, adjust your pricing and/or offer discounts to your end users. Thanks to the built-in functionalities, it can be done in a matter of seconds.
- Solving a real-world problem
Uber's success can be credited to its ability to solve a genuine issue that existed in the transportation industry. In the past, finding a taxi in some areas was a daunting task, and conventional taxi services were frequently unreliable and inconvenient.
One of Uber's co-founders, Garret Camp, was intimately familiar with these difficulties because of his experience with San Francisco's transportation system. Consequently, he knew exactly what he wanted as a customer – a dependable way to hire a ride anytime and anywhere in the city without the hassle of cash and making calls. Uber's rapid growth can be attributed to the fact that it provided a solution to a real-world problem for a large number of its customers.
Now, ask yourself – what's the one thing that annoys you the most when it comes to transportation system in your neighborhood, city, or country? If it's a problem for you, it might be a problem for others as well. And perhaps, it can be solved with a shared mobility solution.
- Constant innovation: additional transportation services
Uber didn't rest on its laurels after the success of its ride-sharing service. At an early stage, the company recognized the potential to provide additional transportation-related services. In fact, Uber's food delivery business is the company's biggest source of revenue, while the rides business generates the most profit.
The company has explored other business areas, such as:
- Uber Eats became a standalone app in 2016, offering food delivery from restaurants to users' doorsteps. It has since expanded to over 6,000 cities in 45 countries.
- Uber Rent, launched in 2017, allows users to rent vehicles and electric bikes/scooters directly from the main app.
- Uber Freight's digital marketplace connects shippers with carriers, allowing them to find and book loads with real-time tracking of shipments.
Lesson learned? Even if you've already built a successful venture, keep looking for new business opportunities. Have a scooter-sharing business? Maybe you can add other vehicles to your offering or launch a ride-hailing solution in partnership with your local taxi drivers, just like Uber. You got the idea.
Uber's turbulent journey to the top
Uber's journey has been far from smooth sailing. The company has faced numerous controversies, both internally and with authorities in different countries. Maintaining team morale and momentum whilst attempting to take on an entrenched industry is no easy feat, as Uber's experience has demonstrated.
Nevertheless, at its core, Uber's story is an inspirational one. The company's impact has been significant and transformative, and it serves as an iconic story of pioneering attitude and determination for aspiring entrepreneurs seeking to solve transportation problems. As co-founder Kalanick succinctly said, "I want to push a button and get a ride." And that's precisely the service they created.
And that’s precisely a service you can offer to your local community with ATOM Mobility’s software.
P.S. For more inspiration, take a look at Uber's very first presentation - https://www.slideshare.net/kambosu/uber-pitch-deck
Click below to learn more or request a demo.
With the increasing demand for shared mobility, we've seen different business models in the car market: traditional car rental, peer-to-peer car sharing, and on-demand car sharing.
In this blog post, we're going to compare these business models. We'll look at the established traditional car rental companies and how they stack up against the newer peer-to-peer and on-demand services. We'll explore how these companies are doing financially – and make some predictions about their possible future.
Traditional car rental
Traditional car rental companies like Hertz, Enterprise, and Avis operate by owning or leasing their own fleets of vehicles. They usually have rental offices and parking lots in strategic locations such as airports and city centers. Customers looking to rent a car make reservations through the company's websites, mobile apps, or by phone. Typically, customers pay a daily or weekly rate, plus additional costs for mileage and optional services like insurance.
Avis – proving that traditional car rental is going strong
Avis was founded in 1946 in Detroit, and it quickly established itself as a major player in the car rental market. Avis is best known for its "We Try Harder" slogan, which was introduced in the 1960s and became a symbol of the company's commitment to customer service. Over the years, Avis has expanded its operations globally.
Avis had a strong second quarter in 2023. They reported $3.1 billion in revenue, with a net income of $436 million. The company saw an increase in usage compared to the same period in 2022, reaching 70.5%. Avis also performed better than expected on Wall Street, with earnings of $11.01 per share – surpassing the estimated $9.79.
At the end of Q2 2023, Avis had around $1.1 billion in liquidity and an additional $1.1 billion for fleet funding. Avis CEO Joe Ferraro credited the strong results to the company's ability to capitalize on the growing travel demand, particularly during the busy summer season.
Hertz – usage and fleet growth
Hertz was founded in 1918 in Chicago. Over the years, Hertz grew into a global brand, serving both the leisure and business travel sectors. Despite various ownership changes, it has maintained a strong presence in the car rental market.
Hertz also reported a healthy second quarter in 2023. They made $2.4 billion in revenue, mainly due to high demand – rental volume increased by 12% compared to the previous year, and their average fleet grew by 9%.
Each vehicle brought in an average of $1,516 per month during the quarter, thanks to a usage rate of 82%, which was 230 basis points higher than in Q2 2022. As of June 30, 2023, Hertz had $1.4 billion in liquidity, with $682 million in unrestricted cash. Overall, Avis' old rivals Hertz are doing quite well too.
Peer-to-peer car sharing
Peer-to-peer car sharing allows private vehicle owners to offer their cars for rent through platforms like Turo and Getaround. The vehicles are distributed across various neighborhoods and residential areas, offering a decentralized and more flexible system. Customers can use these platforms to find and reserve their vehicles of choice.
Turo – promising financials, uncertain IPO plans
Turo, founded in 2009, began as RelayRides and was later rebranded. Turo offers an online platform that allows individual car owners to rent out their vehicles to other people when they are not using them. The company provides a marketplace where people can list their cars for rent, and renters can search for and book vehicles for short-term use.
Turo has gained popularity as a more flexible and often cost-effective alternative to traditional car rental services. It allows car owners to monetize their vehicles when they're not in use and provides renters with a wide selection of cars to choose from.
Turo, valued at $1.2 billion in 2019, has seen promising financials. In 2022, they earned $746.59 million, up 59% from the previous year, with 320,000 vehicle listings. They went from substantial losses in 2019 and 2020 to a net income of $154.66 million in 2022.
Turo also grew its marketplace, engaging with 160,000 active car owners and 2.9 million riders worldwide by the end of 2022. However, according to their S-1 filing, they anticipate increasing expenses in the future, which might challenge their profitability.
Turo applied for an IPO on the Nasdaq in 2022 but didn't proceed. The IPO plans were delayed, likely due to challenges like the 2022 tech downturn. However, recently, Turo revived its plan to go public and could list their shares in the fall of 2023.
Getaround – an uncertain future
Getaround is another popular peer-to-peer car-sharing platform that allows individuals to rent out their personal vehicles to others when they are not using them. It's often referred to as the "Airbnb of cars." Introduced in 2011, it is currently accessible in over 1,000 cities in the United States and Europe.
In 2022, Getaround earned $62.3 million in revenue. However, they reported an EBITDA of -$25.0 million, indicating that its operating expenses exceeded its earnings. Overall, the company experienced a net loss of -$46.8 million for the year. Getaround's total assets were valued at $217.1 million.
During its public market debut in 2022, Getaround witnessed a significant decrease in its share value, plummeting by as much as 65%.
In March 2023, the company got a notice from the New York Stock Exchange saying it didn't meet the requirements. This was because their average global market capitalization over 30 consecutive trading days fell below $50 million, and their reported stockholders' equity was also below $50 million.
Overall, Getaround's stock market troubles and weak finances make their future uncertain for now.
On-demand car sharing
On-demand car sharing services like Zipcar and Share Now (formerly Car2Go) maintain their own fleets, which are parked throughout cities in designated spots or on the streets. Customers can access these vehicles in real-time using mobile apps. The pricing structure usually includes fuel, maintenance, and insurance.
Share Now – downsizing, acquired by Stellantis
Share Now, a German carsharing firm born from the merger of Car2Go and DriveNow, now operates as a subsidiary of Stellantis' Free2Move division, offering car sharing services in European urban areas. It has over four million registered members and a fleet of 14,000+ vehicles across 18 European cities.
In late 2019, ShareNow announced the closure of its North American operations due to competition, increasing operational costs, and limited support for electric vehicles. Service in London, Brussels, and Florence was also discontinued.
On May 3, 2022, Share Now was acquired by Stellantis, with the ownership now managed by Stellantis subsidiary Free2Move, following the closure of the acquisition on July 18, 2022.
CityBee – a success story in Baltics
CityBee, founded in 2012 in Lithuania, started as a car-sharing service primarily aimed at businesses. It now operates in the whole Baltic region. Customers can choose from a variety of vehicles, including cars, vans, bikes, and electric scooters. The fleet also includes electric and hybrid cars. CityBee takes care of insurance, fuel, and parking fees in CityBee areas.
In 2022, CityBee reported a sales revenue of €33,168,028, slightly down from the previous year's €39,814,173. However, the company's profitability surged, with a profit before taxes of €2,193,820 – a substantial increase from the €968,722 in 2021. This also resulted in a higher profit margin of 6.61% in 2022, compared to 2.43% in 2021.
CityBee saw its net profit rise to €1,857,517 in 2022, a substantial increase from the €876,986 in 2021. The company's equity capital also grew to €4,688,176, indicating a stronger financial foundation. CityBee shows that on-demand car sharing can succeed with the right approach in the right market.
There's room for different business models
The shared car mobility market is large enough for different solutions to exist together – especially with car ownership costs going up. Companies like Hertz and Avis demonstrate that the traditional rental model remains relevant and holds significant profit potential.
Despite financial challenges, peer-to-peer car sharing and on-demand car sharing are attracting a fresh customer base. Peer-to-peer car sharing offers a more personal touch by letting people rent their own vehicles. On-demand car-sharing services are a great solution for urban residents, offering quick pay-as-you-go access to vehicles.
While the position of traditional car rental giants might seem unshakeable, it's a fast-moving, evolving market. Regional success stories – such as CityBee – certainly prove that challengers are not asleep.
If you own a fleet, operate a car rental business, or are looking to get into one, ATOM Mobility can equip you with an end-to-end software suite that will put you miles ahead from competition.
Running a successful shared mobility business is more than just providing rides from one place to another. It's about placing your customers at the heart of your business – making them feel valued, appreciated, and the real focus of all your efforts. In other words, it involves a customer-centric approach.
Let’s take a closer look at what a customer-centric strategy means, why it's important – and how to adopt it in a shared mobility business.
What being customer-centric means and why it's important
Customer centricity means shaping your business to deliver an excellent customer experience at every step. It's a strategy to build stronger brand loyalty and satisfaction, leading to deeper and longer-lasting customer relationships.
It involves shaping your messages and services to match what your clients want and like. Being customer-centric is about recognizing the pivotal role customers play in the success of any business.
Here are the main reasons why it’s a worthwhile strategy to consider:
- Customer satisfaction and loyalty: When you put your customers first, you're more likely to provide them with what they truly want – and satisfied customers are more likely to stay loyal to your brand.
- Positive reputation: Satisfied customers become your brand advocates. They share their positive experiences, enhancing your brand's reputation and attracting new customers.
- Easier to stay ahead: Talking to customers and getting their feedback can help make your services more innovative and proactive. It helps you stay ahead of the curve and meet changing customer demands.
Key aspects of a customer-centric shared mobility business
Now, let's look at the key areas in which shared mobility businesses can enhance the customer-friendliness of their services.
User-friendly and engaging software
Software is often the first point of contact for customers when they start using a shared mobility service – and it's important to ensure that this first impression is positive.
In this case, a user-centric approach is about making sure the software doesn't get in the way but rather enhances the user experience. For customers, it should be effortless to book a ride or rent a vehicle.
Consider these factors when aiming to provide a customer-centric software experience:
- Keep it simple: Make sure the software is straightforward and easy to use – especially for people who might not be tech-savvy. It's a good idea to have a clear layout – keep the interface organized with easily visible buttons for key tasks like booking rides, checking ride details, and providing feedback.
- Let customers pay as they like: Give users multiple ways to pay (cards, ApplePay, GooglePay, PayPal and more), and, if possible, show them an estimate of the service cost before they confirm it. This helps users know what to expect and makes the process more transparent and user-friendly.
- Features to drive engagement: Consider additional features that can boost user engagement and make the overall experience more enjoyable. One intriguing option to explore is gamification, which involves infusing apps with game-like elements. The idea is to offer users a feeling of achievement as they advance and complete various tasks within the app.
If you are after a white-label solution, Atom Mobility offers a user-friendly high-converting mobile app for both iOS and Android, which can be customized to match your brand. The app is regularly updated and supports various vehicle types, languages, and geographic locations.
Great customer support
When a business is all about making customers happy and putting them first, one of the key aspects is having great customer support. It’s key to better customer satisfaction, loyalty, and positive word-of-mouth.
Here are the key principles that define great customer support:
- Speed: Customers don't like waiting a long time for answers to their questions – they want quick solutions to their queries. It's a good idea to give customers various options for getting help, like phone, email, chat, and social media. You can also offer self-help tools like FAQs, chatbots, and online guides. Some customers like finding answers on their own, which can cut down on the number of questions needing human assistance.
- Knowledge: While being fast is important, it should come with knowing your stuff and giving accurate info to customers. Your support representatives should have a deep understanding of your company's services, policies, and available resources. Customers must have confidence in the information provided by your customer service team – nobody wants to call about the same problem repeatedly.
- Treating customers with care: Good customer service means treating customers with respect, courtesy, and professionalism in every interaction. Sometimes customers may feel anxious or frustrated, and it's crucial to empathize with their needs – picture yourself in their situation, and let them know you're fully committed to their problem.
Safety, feedback, and proactive solutions
Let's explore other important factors like safety, feedback, and proactive solutions that can solidify a business's role as customer-centric.
- Commitment to safety and reliability: According to a survey by McKinsey, safety is the top priority for shared mobility users worldwide. In other words, businesses should make customers confident in their ability to provide safe and reliable services. Take shared micromobility fleet vehicles as an example – they should be well-maintained in both appearance and technical condition. This ensures that customers feel confident and secure when using them. Ride-hailing businesses should find ways to promote safe driving and take strong action against drivers who don't follow the rules.
- Listen and act on feedback: You should actively engage your customers through a continuous feedback loop. Collect and analyze your customer feedback – whether it's through in-app surveys, email, or social media channels. This way, you can identify areas for improvement and make necessary adjustments to improve the customer experience. When customers think their feedback matters, they usually feel more connected to a business.
- Stay ahead of the curve: Last but definitely not least – try to be proactive. When you see an opportunity to improve things, there's no need to wait for a customer to point it out – go ahead and do it. By staying ahead of the game, you can pleasantly surprise your customers and even exceed their expectations.
Conclusion: putting the customer first
A great shared mobility business is not just getting from point A to point B – it's an experience that customers appreciate and want to repeat. With the right tools and mindset, you can deliver this kind of experience to your customers and set the stage for your business's long-term success. A customer-centric approach simply recognizes that your customers are your business – since their satisfaction is what fuels your own success.