7 critical mistakes in micromobility and how to avoid them

  1. Overestimating the number of rides

Overestimating the number of rides can lead to financial strain and operational inefficiencies. When estimating the number of daily rides you plan to get out of your fleet, be realistic and base your prognosis on usage data. 

Generally, ride averages tend to be way smaller than optimistic entrepreneurs hope. A study by mobility enablement data company Fluctuo can give you an idea of trips taken daily by different shared mobility vehicles in European cities in 2022:

  • Scooters – 1.7 trips/day, 
  • Bikes – 2.9 trips/day,  
  • Mopeds – 1.9 trips/day, 
  • Cars – 2.6 trips/day.

How to avoid: 

Correct estimation of the number of rides per day involves several factors and considerations:

  • Conduct thorough research of the target market, including demographics, commuting patterns, existing transportation options, and potential user behavior;
  • Evaluate the population density of the areas you plan to operate in (areas with higher density usually yield more ride demand); 
  • Analyze the user behavior of similar services in the area – their usage patterns, peak hours, and any seasonal variations;
  • Consider running a pilot program in a smaller area or for a limited time to test initial interest and usage;
  • Assess infrastructure and accessibility, e.g., availability of bike lanes, parking spots, or docking stations, which can significantly impact the usability and popularity of the service.

  1. Starting with an insufficient fleet to cover operating costs

Not starting with a big enough fleet size to cover operating costs is another common pitfall for micromobility companies. Starting with a small fleet can limit revenue potential and hinder the ability to meet demand, leading to customer dissatisfaction. 

How to avoid: 

In addition to conducting thorough market research and pilot tests, as mentioned previously, follow these tips to make sure your fleet size can cover operating costs:

  • Understand the operating costs, including maintenance, charging, staff, and fleet management. Ensure the projected revenue from the estimated number of rides can cover these costs;  
  • Ensure your operational model allows for flexibility in scaling up or down the fleet size based on changing demand patterns;
  • Apply for ATOM Academy to learn from industry experts with experience in launching micromobility services. Their insights can be invaluable in estimating the appropriate fleet size.

  1. Not budgeting all potential expenses

Budgeting for all potential expenses is essential for financial stability, effective resource management, and risk mitigation, all of which are crucial for the success of a micromobility business. Failure to budget for all possible expenses for the whole year can lead to financial instability and operational disruptions.

How to avoid: 

  • Create a detailed list of all potential expenses, including operational costs like maintenance, charging infrastructure, fleet management, staffing, fleet insurance, regulatory compliance, marketing, and administrative fees;
  • Analyze historical data from similar services or markets to identify and anticipate various expenses that might arise throughout the year, including unexpected costs and seasonal variations;
  • Factor in a contingency fund within the budget to cover unforeseen expenses or emergencies; 
  • Conduct regular budget reviews and updates throughout the year. This allows for adjustments based on real-time data, changes in market conditions, or unexpected expenses.

  1. Not being flexible with business models

Inflexibility with business models or the inability to pivot in response to market changes can hinder a company's ability to adapt and grow. It’s crucial for a micromobility service to remain agile and open to adjusting business models based on market feedback and evolving trends.

How to avoid: 

  • Develop a business model that allows for flexibility, scaling, and adaptation based on market demands and changes;
  • Gather regular user feedback – it will enable you to make adjustments swiftly based on user needs and preferences;
  • Integrate technology that facilitates business model adaptability – e.g., with ATOM Mobility software, operators can adapt their fleet for different purposes to find the best market fit. For example, if free-floating car sharing is not the best fit for your city, you can pivot to short and long-term rentals with calendar booking, or offer B2B corporate sharing schemes, etc.
  • Establish partnerships and collaborations with complementary businesses or services to provide flexibility through diversified revenue streams and collaborative solutions.
  1. Choosing the wrong software partner

Selecting the wrong software partner can result in poor customer experience, lower usage, and negative ratings. Even seemingly small system inefficacies can lead to users choosing competitor services instead, so make sure you don’t underestimate UX. Conversely, a convenient and intuitive platform with a wide range of features can help to attract and retain customers.

How to avoid: carefully vet potential software partners, considering factors such as reliability, user-friendliness, customer support, and the rate of new features shipped. Factor in the flexibility of software and whether it would be able to scale with your business when needed.

ATOM Mobility provides all the software you need to launch and scale your own vehicle-sharing, ride-hailing, or digital rental business. In addition to all the core features you would expect, including a customizable rider app and a feature-rich operator dashboard, businesses can benefit from AI-powered vehicle analysis and advanced analytics tools to support informed business decisions.

  1. Not securing long-term permits 

Operating without long-term permits can lead to regulatory challenges and uncertainty, impacting the company's ability to establish a stable presence in the market. Without a stable operating environment, it becomes challenging to plan investments, expansions, or long-term strategies. In addition, competitors might have an advantage in securing prime operating locations or gaining market dominance, making it harder for the company to establish itself.

How to avoid: 

  • Prioritize securing long-term permits to operate, fostering a more transparent, predictable, and sustainable business environment;
  • Proactively address concerns raised by authorities to build trust and increase the chances of obtaining long-term permits;
  • Be prepared to adapt to evolving regulations and work towards aligning the business model with local policies and community needs.

  1. Ineffective management 

Our final tip is a universal one, as weak management can derail businesses of any size or industry. That said, strong leadership is especially crucial for achieving success in competitive markets like micromobility, where a determined and competitive mindset can be a deal-breaker. 

How to avoid: Whether you’re a manager yourself or a CEO looking to hire one, look for these effective management characteristics:

  • Excellent communication skills. Managers must clearly convey ideas, expectations, and feedback to the team, ensuring everyone is on the same page and can work collaboratively.
  • Strong and determined leadership. A strong manager must lead by example, inspire their team, set clear goals, and effectively delegate tasks. They should also be able to motivate employees, resolve conflicts, and foster a positive work culture.
  • Risk-taking and decision-making. Micromobility startups often operate in evolving markets. A good manager must be comfortable taking calculated risks and making decisions under such conditions. 
  • Adaptability and innovation. In the dynamic micromobility sector, managers must be flexible, ready to pivot strategies, develop unique services, and adjust to the rapidly changing market conditions or technological advancements.
  • Customer-centric approach: A successful manager focuses on delivering excellent customer experiences, whether it's through user-friendly apps, efficient service, or responsive customer support. 

Know why micromobility companies fail – and yours won’t

Now that we’ve covered the various challenges micromobility companies face, you are equipped with knowledge and practical advice for avoiding these risks. By carefully addressing these key reasons and taking proactive measures to avoid them, you can enhance your chances of long-term success in this rapidly evolving industry.

Interested in launching your own mobility platform?

Click below to learn more or request a demo.

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Everything you need to know before starting your car-sharing business
Everything you need to know before starting your car-sharing business

What is car-sharing & how does it work? What's the car-sharing business model? How to launch a car-sharing business? Find out here.

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Is it a good time to start a car-sharing business? Absolutely. 

The car-sharing market is booming – it's estimated to grow 20% every year and reach a $20 billion market value by 2032. That's nearly a sevenfold increase from 2022's $2.9 billion valuation. 

Despite app-based vehicle sharing being a relatively new entrant in the mobility ecosystem, it has exploded in popularity. People have been quick to pick up on its convenience and ease of use, especially in urban centers where maintaining a private vehicle grows increasingly costly and bothersome. 

This spells an opportunity for entrepreneurs keen to answer real mobility demand. 

But what is car-sharing and how does it work? What does the business model look like? And what are the first steps for getting started?
Find the answers below. 

What is car-sharing and how does it work?

Car-sharing is an app-based mobility service that allows individuals to rent vehicles on a short-term basis. With this service, users gain access to a fleet of vehicles which are typically stationed throughout a city, ensuring that there's always a car conveniently nearby.

The user's journey and benefits of car-sharing

Through an app on their smartphone, users can locate, book, and unlock the closest available vehicle, as well as pay for their journey automatically by adding payment details, thus providing a seamless experience and quick access to a car. Other common benefits for users include not having to worry about fuel or insurance, as those are included in the price. 

Cities often encourage the use of shared mobility since it helps decongest streets, free up parking, and minimize the environmental impact of private vehicles on the city. Accordingly, public-private partnerships are common, conferring further benefits for users of this type of shared mobility: free parking, free use of bus lanes, and more. 

How does car-sharing work: the business perspective

On the business side of things, the operator is responsible for ensuring that maintenance and logistical tasks for their fleet are taken care of. 

This includes regular maintenance tasks, such as vehicle check-ups, repairs, fuel fill-ups, and cleaning. Also, if you have a free-floating model (where users can leave their cars anywhere), the operator should regularly relocate cars to optimal locations for continued user convenience and reliability.

Beyond deploying and maintaining their fleet, operators also oversee the smooth functioning of their mobility app, as well as take care of user verification, namely, ensuring that the people signing up are who they say they are and have valid driver licenses. Of course, like any other business, customer support and other responsibilities tied to running the operation are a given.

The car-sharing business model

So far, we have listed a lot of expenses – maintenance, management, insurance, IT. Add to this salaries, operational overheads, and buying or renting the fleet itself. How do businesses recoup all these expenses and turn a profit? 

Note: Since car-sharing businesses operate at scale, they should aim to negotiate lower rates with service providers.

Car-sharing businesses make use of several revenue sources. First and foremost, customers are charged for the time/distance use of the car. Additionally, branding and cross-promotion partnerships (e.g. advertising on the car or the app) are often used to secure additional revenue. It may also be sensible to create membership or loyalty programs to ensure recurring revenue, by offering subscribers added benefits, such as access to premium cars or longer reservation times. 

The aim is to have your cars on the road as much as possible, so enterprises typically focus on maximizing vehicle usage and revenue per vehicle. Finding success is about finding balance in a constantly changing landscape – having too few cars may lead to overbooking and dissatisfaction with lack of availability, whereas having too many will lead to inefficient use of resources. 

How to start a car-sharing business

As with any business, launching a car-sharing project requires research, investment, development, and strategy. Let's take a look at each in turn. 

1. Market research

When exploring opportunities for starting a car-sharing business, numerous factors must be considered.

Audience and demand 

Understanding the demographics, preferences, and behaviors of your potential users is crucial. As is determining the level of demand. Some questions you should answer include:

  • Who is my target audience – urban commuters, occasional travelers?
  • What are their demographics? How should you communicate with them?
  • What segment offers the most promise – B2C, B2B?


Identifying who's already operating in your area and why (or why not) can help you get a better grasp of what works and what doesn't. Some questions you should answer include:

  • Who are my competitors – other car/ride-sharing businesses, public transportation?
  • How can I differentiate my business from others?
  • Has any previous similar business failed in this area – why? 

Legal and logistical considerations

Determining whether there are any legal/practical barriers to launching your operations is a smart thing to do before you invest too much time and money into your project. Consider:

  • What are the legal requirements for operating this type of business in your area?
  • How will you handle insurance and liability issues for your fleet?
  • How and where will you run your day-to-day operations? If you're thinking about going electric – does the area have the necessary infrastructure?

While answering these questions isn't necessarily a prerequisite for launching your business, dealing with them early on can save you a lot of headaches down the road. 

2. Investment

How much capital do you need to launch a car-sharing business? 

It depends most on whether you're planning to rent or buy vehicles for your fleet. While renting is more accessible in the short term, it will take a sizable bite out of your profit. Owning your vehicles is typically the preferred option, as this offers price stability, long-term cost efficiency, freedom of operations, and other benefits. 

To get a ballpark estimate for the starting investment, you should add up the total price of cars (EUR 12,000-20,000 per vehicle), insurance, car-sharing software procurement and maintenance, as well as expected operational overhead for getting started. It may also be wise to put aside some funds for unexpected expenses such as repairs.

3. Development and launch strategy

Securing the vehicles and necessary permits can take a while, and you should account for this. During this time, you should put your plans into practice. Establish maintenance protocols and logistical plans for efficient fleet management. Implement user verification processes and responsive customer support for a secure and positive user experience. 

As to the IT infrastructure, you can save a lot of resources by choosing a white-label IT solution to power your app and dramatically accelerate your time-to-market. Platforms like ATOM Mobility can equip your business with the app you need – all you have to do is customize it

Speaking of customization, don't forget about branding. Create a compelling brand identity and plan for targeted launch and marketing campaigns to generate awareness the moment your business is ready for its first customers. 

Your car-sharing business journey starts here

Now you know how to start a business in this industry – entering this thriving market demands a blend of user-centric strategies and astute business decisions. But the key to success is reliable partners that can guide you in the right direction. 

Get in touch with ATOM Mobility to discover how you can power your new enterprise the smart way.

32 shared mobility stats from 2023 you should know in 2024
32 shared mobility stats from 2023 you should know in 2024

From the rise of ride-hailing services to the increasing popularity of shared vehicles, the industry's landscape is evolving rapidly. This article presents 32 key statistics from 2023 that provide valuable insights into the current state and future prospects of the shared mobility sector, offering a comprehensive overview for industry stakeholders and observers.

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The shared mobility industry has experienced significant growth and transformation in 2023, with various segments such as ride-sharing, vehicle rental, and micro-mobility witnessing substantial changes.

From the rise of ride-hailing services to the increasing popularity of shared vehicles, the industry's landscape is evolving rapidly. This article presents 32 key statistics from 2023 that provide valuable insights into the current state and future prospects of the shared mobility sector, offering a comprehensive overview for industry stakeholders and observers.

General – Shared mobility industry

The global shared mobility market is expanding rapidly, projecting a substantial increase in revenues and ridership. By 2030, it is poised to double its share of urban transport journeys from 2023. Additionally, the number of individuals earning from shared mobility services is forecasted to rise notably. 

In Europe, shared vehicle services demonstrate considerable growth, with an increase in multi-mobility users. At the same time, European cities are the strictest shared micromobility regulators, limiting the number of operators and implementing various rules.


  1. The shared mobility market worldwide revenue was projected to reach US$1.43T in 2023. Statista
  1. Shared mobility is expected to make up 7% of all urban transport journeys globally by 2030, up from 3% in 2023. Shared Mobility's Global Impact
  1. The global shared mobility market size is expected to grow at a CAGR of 41.65% from 2023 until 2030. Shared Mobility Market Analysis Report
  1. More than nine million people were estimated to earn an income from shared mobility services in 2023, and the number is forecasted to grow to 16M by 2030. Shared Mobility's Global Impact
  1. In the shared vehicles market, the number of users is expected to amount to 5.09B users by 2027. Statista
  1. The average revenue per user (ARPU) was expected to amount to US$180.90 in 2023. Statista
  1. In global comparison, most revenue from shared mobility is generated in China (US$358B in 2023). Statista
  1. Africa has the strongest income growth from shared mobility services: jobs are expected to increase by 113% from 2023 to 2030. Shared Mobility's Global Impact
  1. Ride-hailing drivers typically earn above the minimum wage in Europe (+37% in Berlin and +91% in Tallinn) and above the wages for jobs with comparable skill levels in Africa (up to +130% in South Africa and Nigeria). Shared Mobility's Global Impact

Europe & UK

  1. There is a significant growth in the use of shared vehicle services, with a 221% increase recorded. Free Now report
  1. The number of multi-mobility users has also grown by 27%. Free Now report
  1. Comparing Q3 2022 and Q3 2023, shared mobility ridership is up 1%, and fleets are down 2%, meaning Total Vehicle Distance (TVD) slightly improved across the board. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. Out of 32 European authorities that regulate shared micromobility operations, more than two-thirds have implemented rules on geofencing (26), parking (25), removal or repositioning of vehicles (25), fleet size limits (24), and fleet rebalancing and redistribution (22). POLIS report on How European Cities are regulating Shared Micromobility
  1. Around half of the European authorities limit the number of operators, demand insurance, set speed limits, specify conditions for vehicles and their maintenance, and have instructions for the end of operations. POLIS report on How European Cities are regulating Shared Micromobility 
  1. Juniper Research has ranked Berlin as the leading smart city in Europe in 2023 thanks to its mobility-as-a-service (MaaS) app Jelbi, which incorporates public and private transport. Other cities in the European top five are London, Barcelona, Rome and Madrid. Cities Today


Shared car ridership has increased significantly, with notable upward trends in Q3 2023. The global ride-hailing market is also projected to witness substantial growth, with increased user numbers and an uptick in popularity over taxis in the United States. In Europe, German cities, led by Berlin, continue to dominate in total shared car ridership. 

  1. Shared car ridership has grown by 22% from Q3 2022 to Q3 2023. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. The car-sharing market size was worth USD 2.9B in 2022 and is estimated to showcase around 20% CAGR from 2023 to 2032. Global Market Insights
  1. The biggest increase of car ridership in Europe in 2023 happened in Riga, thanks to the emergence of Bolt Drive. Antwerp saw the 2nd most growth due to the introduction of Miles Mobility Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. German cities continue to dominate the rankings for total ridership per city. In Berlin, there are 30% more shared cars on the streets than in 2022. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. The ride-hailing market worldwide is projected to grow by 6.97% (2023-2028), resulting in a market volume of US$215.70B in 2028. Statista
  1. Ride-hailing services were anticipated to hit a record number of users in 2023, with an additional 6.6M users in the US, representing a 10.1% increase and finally recouping its pandemic-era losses. Insider Intelligence
  1. In the United States, ride-hailing is reported to be used more frequently than taxis, with around a fifth of respondents being occasional users of ride-sharing services. Statista

Electric scooters and mopeds

Electric scooter (e-scooter) ridership has declined, although it remains the predominant shared mobility choice, constituting 42% of total ridership. Moped ridership in Europe has similarly decreased, influenced by exits of key market players. 

E-scooters have emerged as an environmentally friendly alternative, with 10% of rides directly replacing car journeys. Citizen referendums in Paris and evolving regulations in Amsterdam reflect the dynamic landscape of the electric scooter and moped market.

  1. E-scooter ridership has fallen by 14% from Q3 2022 to Q3 2023. That said, scooters are still the most popular shared mobility transport mode, with 42% total ridership. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. Moped ridership in Europe has fallen by 28% from Q3 2022 to Q3 2023 due to the departure of some players in key markets. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. Electric scooter usage patterns show 10% of rides directly replace car journeys. Shared Mobility's Global Impact
  1. Thus, e-scooters have contributed to a reduction of up to 120M car-kilometers traveled, helping to reduce car-related emissions by an estimated 30,000 tons of CO2e. Shared Mobility's Global Impact
  1. On 2 April 2023, Paris held a referendum on shared e-scooters, and 90% of voters gave their vote against renewing the contract of three shared micromobility companies to operate around 5,000 e-scooters each. CNBC
  1. In Amsterdam, moped ridership has grown by 22% despite new regulations on helmets being brought into effect. Q2 2023 European Shared Mobility Index


The global bike-sharing market shows significant growth. In Europe, station-based bikes have increased in popularity. Dockless bikes experienced an impressive surge as well, following the 2023 scooter ban in Paris. Overall, bike fleets and ridership are expanding across major European cities, contributing to a robust Trips/Vehicle/Day (TVD) ratio.

  1. The global bike-sharing market is projected to reach US$12.68 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 10.71% from 2023 to 2027. Statista
  1. Station-based bike ridership in Europe has grown by 11% from Q3 2022 to Q3 2023. Station-based bikes are the second most popular shared mobility transport mode, with 30% total ridership. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. After the 2023 scooter ban in Paris, dockless bikes have boomed 144%. Dockless bike ridership more than doubled YoY in September (x2.5) and October 2023 (x2.3).  Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index
  1. Fleets and ridership are growing across Europe, especially in cities like Paris, London,Copenhagen and Antwerp. The combined TVD of dockless and station-based bikes is a very healthy 2.9. Q3 2023 European Shared Mobility Index

Rolling into 2024

The shared mobility market continues to expand. With ride-sharing and micro-mobility playing pivotal roles, the future of shared mobility appears promising. The insights gathered from these statistics are crucial for understanding the shared mobility market's trajectory and its implications for the broader transportation ecosystem.

Let's make 2024 a year of shared mobility!

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